Take the Challenge Quiz Questions

February

1) What are the seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit?
Wisdom, Understanding, Knowledge, Courage or Fortitude, Right judgment or Council, Reverence or Piety, Wonder and Awe, or Fear of the Lord.

2) What are the twelve Fruits of the Holy Spirit?
Love, Joy, Peace, Patience, Kindness, Goodness, Faithfulness, Modesty, Chastity, Gentleness, Generosity, and Self-control

3) What are Acts committed against the Fruits of the Spirit?
Immorality, impurity, shamelessness, idol worship, magic, hatred, jealousy, violence, anger, greed, division, discord, envy, drunkenness, and orgy

4) What is a virtue?
A habitual and firm disposition to do the good.

5) What are the four Cardinal Virtues?
Prudence, Justice, fortitude and temperance

6) What are the three Theological Virtues?
Faith, Hope, and Charity (Love)

 

March

1) What is original sin and how is it taken away?
Original sin for us is the lack of grace with which we are born with. It is a result of the sin of our first parents, Adam and Eve. It is not a sin we ourselves commit. Original sin is taken away by receiving the Sacrament of Baptism. 

2) What is the meaning of Lent?
 Lent is a 40 day period (not including Sundays) of fasting, moderation, and self-denial intended to prepare us for the Easter celebration and to allow us to seek conversion and change within our lives moving us closer to God.

3) What is venial sin?
Venial sin is an act of disobedience to the Law of God in a lesser matter or in a matter in itself serious, but done without full knowledge and consent.

4) What is mortal sin?

Mortal sin is an act of disobedience to the law of God in a serious matter, done with full knowledge and deliberate consent

5) What three things are necessary to commit mortal sin?
1.) You must disobey God in a serious matter 2.) You must know that it is wrong at the time you do it. 3.) You must do it on purpose and freely without being forced into it.

6) What are the seven deadly sins?
1.) Lust 2.) Greed 3.) Envy 4.) Gluttony 5.) Sloth 6.) Anger 7.) Pride 

 

April

1) When and where did Jesus give us the Eucharist?
At the last supper, he instituted the sacrament of the Eucharist 

2) What day, where and how did Jesus die?
He died on Good Friday, at 3pm, crucified on a cross at Calvary

3) When did Jesus rise from the dead?
He rose from the dead on Easter Sunday, fulfilling the prophesy that on the third day he would rise again.

4) What event begins Holy Week?
Palm Sunday, marks the beginning of Holy Week. It is the triumphant entry of Jesus into Jerusalem amid shouts of Hosanna in the Highest. It is six days before Passover.

5) What is the Chrism Mass?
The Chrism Mass is properly concelebrated by the bishop at the Cathedral of the diocese joined by his clergy – and particularly his priests. It is a sign of the unity and communion of the priests with their bishop. It is prescribed to be celebrated Thursday morning of Holy Week but is moved to Tuesday evening throughout the United States for the convenience of all in the diocese to be able to attend. At this liturgy the priest will renew their oath of obedience to the bishop. The Holy Oils for each parish and diocesan institution are also blessed and consecrated (sacred chrism), and then distributed to the institutions for their use during the coming year.

6) What is the Triduum?
The Triduum is the period of three days beginning with the Holy Thursday liturgy of the Mass of the Lord’s Supper, including Good Friday and the Easter Vigil and ending with Solemn Vespers on Easter Sunday evening. It is also referred to as the Easter Triduum, Holy Triduum, or Paschal Triduum. It is the high point of the liturgical year for the Church. These are not historical events. Rather, they celebrate not what once happened to Jesus but rather what is now happening to us as we become a part of this Easter mystery.

 

May

1) What are the two natures of Jesus?
Divine and Human. The question of the nature of Jesus was debated much in the early church with heresies evolving from both directions (Jesus was only human in nature and Jesus was only divine in nature). All heresies were eventually put to rest and the teaching of the church evolved to understand that Jesus had two natures of divine and human – True God and True Man. To read the teaching of the church go to the Catechism and read CCC464 to CCC483.

2) What is the Ascension and when did it take place?

The Feast of the Ascension of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, also known as Ascension Thursday, Holy Thursday, or Ascension Day, commemorates the bodily Ascension of Jesus into heaven. It is a Holy Day of Obligation and occurs forty days after Easter Sunday. This year it is May 25. In the United States, the celebration of this Feast is transferred to the following Sunday (May 28) to allow for full participation of all the faithful.

3) What is Pentecost and when did it take place?
The Feast of Pentecost is the birthday of the church! It occurs fifty days after Easter Sunday (count includes Easter Sunday) and is celebrated on June 4 this year. Pentecost Sunday is a commemoration and celebration of the receiving of the Holy Spirit by the early church. John the Baptist prophesied of the first Pentecost when Jesus would baptize with the Holy Spirit and with fire (Matthew 3:11). Jesus confirmed this prophecy with the promise of the Holy Spirit to the disciples in John 14:26. “This Solemnity makes us remember and relive the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on the Apostles and the other disciples gathered in prayer with the Virgin Mary in the Upper Room (cf. Acts 2:1-11). Jesus, risen and ascended into Heaven, sent his Spirit to the Church so that every Christian might participate in his own divine life and become his valid witness in the world. The Holy Spirit, breaking into history, defeats aridity, opens hearts to hope, stimulates and fosters in us an interior maturity in our relationship with God and with our neighbor.” Pope Benedict, May 27, 2012 Pentecost is also a Jewish holiday, which the Jews use to celebrate the end of Passover. Jews celebrate the gift of the law to Moses at Mt. Sinai on this day. But we, as Catholics celebrate the birth of our Church.

4) What is Grace?
Grace or actual grace is is a supernatural push or encouragement. It’s transient. It doesn’t live in the soul, but acts on the soul from the outside, so to speak. It’s a supernatural kick in the pants. It gets the will and intellect moving so we can seek out and keep sanctifying grace.
From the Catechism:
1996 Grace is favor, the free and undeserved help that God gives us to respond to his call to become children of God, adoptive sons, partakers of the divine nature and of eternal life. 2021 Grace is the help God gives us to respond to our vocation of becoming his adopted sons. It introduces us into the intimacy of the Trinitarian life.

5) What is Sanctifying Grace?
Sanctifying grace comes to us through our Baptism and is infused in our soul by God, wiping away sin, and transforming our souls to supernatural life and making them holy.
From the Catechism:
2000 Sanctifying grace is a habitual gift, a stable and supernatural disposition that perfects the soul itself to enable it to live with God, to act by his love.
2023 Sanctifying grace is the gratuitous gift of his life that God makes to us; it is infused by the Holy Spirit into the soul to heal it of sin and to sanctify it.
Read all of the Catechism – CCC1987 to CCC2029

6) What three things need to be done to receive forgiveness of sins in the Sacrament of Reconciliation?
From the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the three things are 1) Repentance; 2) Confession; 3) Reparation. Read the CCC 1491-1496:
1491 The sacrament of Penance is a whole consisting in three actions of the penitent and the priest's
absolution. The penitent's acts are repentance, confession or disclosure of sins to the priest, and the
intention to make reparation and do works of reparation.

1492 Repentance (also called contrition) must be inspired by motives that arise from faith. If
repentance arises from love of charity for God, it is called "perfect" contrition; if it is founded on other motives, it is called “imperfect.”;
1493 One who desires to obtain reconciliation with God and with the Church, must confess to a priest all the unconfessed grave sins he remembers after having carefully examined his conscience. The confession of venial faults, without being necessary in itself, is nevertheless strongly recommended by the Church.
1494 The confessor proposes the performance of certain acts of "satisfaction" or "penance" to be performed by the penitent in order to repair the harm caused by sin and to re-establish habits befitting a disciple of Christ.
1495 Only priests who have received the faculty of absolving from the authority of the Church can forgive sins in the name of Christ.
1496 The spiritual effects of the sacrament of Penance are:
– Reconciliation with God by which the penitent recovers grace;
– Reconciliation with the Church;
– Remission of the eternal punishment incurred by mortal sins;
– Remission, at least in part, of temporal punishments resulting from sin;
– Peace and serenity of conscience, and spiritual consolation;
– An increase of spiritual strength for the Christian battle

 

 

June

1) Where in the church building is God present in a special way?
In the tabernacle. The Blessed Sacrament (hosts which have been consecrated) is the Real Presence of Jesus’ body and blood. The Blessed Sacrament – Jesus himself – is reserved in the tabernacle for those taking communion to the sick and for when we ‘expose’ the Blessed Sacrament in Eucharistic Adoration.

2) Why can a priest change the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ?
Because he has received the sacrament of Holy Orders at his ordination which marks and changes his soul allowing his to receive the gift from God to be the vehicle of Jesus during the celebration of the mass standing ‘in persona Christi’ (in the person of Christ) because he acts as Jesus at that time.

3) How can a priest change the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ?
He is graced by his ordination to be able to accomplish this through the Eucharistic Prayer as he stands ‘in persona Christ’ and says the words of consecration which change the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.

4) What is the Real Presence?
When the consecration occurs, the substance of the bread and wine is changed or transformed into the substance of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. Jesus is completely, totally and really present in both the Blessed Sacrament (consecrated hosts) and the Precious Blood (consecrated wine).

5) What is Eucharistic Adoration?
It is the worship of Jesus Christ outside of the mass. A consecrated host is placed in a monstrance and set upon the altar to worship (called exposition). The consecrated host contains our Lord Jesus in His Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity, making Him totally present to us during this time. We are encouraged to spend time in reflection, contemplation, worship and adoration in this way when possible. WE have adoration at St. William every Friday morning immediately following the 8:30 am mass.

6) What is a monstrance?
A monstrance is a sacred vessel made from gold or another metal in the shape of a cross with a ‘see through chamber’ in the center of the cross. It is used for the exposition and adoration of the Blessed Sacrament. A consecrated host is placed into a ‘luna’, which is a circular receptacle that goes into the monstrance to ‘expose’ and display the Blessed Sacrament. 

 

July

1) What are the primary vestment colors the priest and deacon wear?
White: Represents joy, innocence, purity and glory Worn during seasons of Easter and Christmas; Feasts of Our Lord, other than his Passion; Feasts of Mary, the angels and saints who are not martyrs; Nuptial Masses and sometimes funeral masses.
Red: Represents the Passion, blood, and burning love of the Holy Spirit Worn on Palm Sunday, Good Friday, Pentecost, Feasts of Our Lord’s Passion, Feasts of the Apostles, and feast days of martyrs.
Green: Represents hope for eternal life.   Worn during Ordinary time which is the time between Epiphany and Lent, and then between Pentecost and Advent. It is the dominant time on our liturgical calendar.
Violet: Represents sorrow, penance, and humility. Worn during Advent and Lent. Also worn when the priest hears confessions.
Rose: Represents joy.  Worn only two days during the year. On Gaudete Sunday, which is the Third Sunday of Advent, and on Laetare Sunday, which is the Fourth Sunday of Lent.

2) What are the four primary parts of the Liturgy of the Mass?
Introductory Rites: Opening Song through the Opening Prayer
Liturgy of the Word: First Reading through the Prayers of the Faithful
Liturgy of the Eucharist: Offertory through the Communion Prayer
Concluding Rites: Final Blessings through Closing Song

3) What are the four marks of the church?
THE CHURCH IS ONE (Rom. 12:5, 1 Cor. 10:17, 12:13, CCC 813-822) Jesus established only one Church, and his Church teaches one set of doctrines
THE CHURCH IS HOLY (Eph. 5:25-27, Rev. 19:7-8, CCC 823-829) By his grace Jesus makes the Church holy, just as he is holy. But the Church itself is holy because it is the source of holiness
THE CHURCH IS CATHOLIC (Matt. 28:19-20, Rev. 5:9-10, CCC 830-856) Jesus’ Church is called catholic (“universal” in Greek) because it is his gift to all people. For 2,000 years
the Catholic Church has carried out this mission. Nowadays the Catholic Church is found in every country of the world
THE CHURCH IS APOSTOLIC (Eph. 2:19-20, CCC 857-865) The Church Jesus founded is apostolic because he appointed the apostles to be the first leaders of the Church, and their successors were to be its future leaders

4) What is the Sanctuary Candle and where is it located?
The Sanctuary Candle is the large candle – often in a red cylindrical holder – which burns continuously near the tabernacle and signifies the presence of Christ as the Blessed Sacrament in the tabernacle.

5) What is the Paschal Candle?
The Paschal Candle is the large candle which is on a wooden stand and a new one is lit each year from a fire at the Easter Vigil. The candle is made of pure beeswax representing the purity of Christ. The Candle represents Christ’s presence in the Church particularly through the Easter Season until Pentecost. It is used at Baptisms and funerals both as Christ is present in a particular and intense way at both events.

6) What are the three sacred oils?
The Oil of Catechumens: Both adults and infants prior to baptism are anointed with the oil of the catechumens, which is pure olive oil. This oil is blessed by the Bishop at the Chrism Mass and received by the parish then for the year.

Sacred Chrism: Chrism oil, is olive oil mixed with balsam. The oil symbolizes strength, and the fragrant balsam represents the “aroma of Christ” (2 Cor 2:15). Anointing with chrism oil signifies the gift of the Holy Spirit. It is used to consecrate someone or something to God’s service. Chrism is used both at Baptism and Confirmation. The Chrism oil is used as well during the ordination of a priest (the Sacrament of Holy Orders) and the consecration of a bishop. It is the anointing used in the consecration of a church and the blessing of an altar and the vessels used at Mass. The Chrism Oil is consecrated by the Bishop at the Chrism Mass.
The Oil of the Sick: It is pure olive oil and is used for the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick. This oil is blessed by the Bishop at the Chrism Mass and received by the parish then for the year.

 

August

1) What are the Holy Days of Obligation?
The Catechism of the Catholic Church explains holy days of obligation this way: “On Sundays and other holy days of obligation, the faithful are to refrain from engaging in work or activities that hinder the worship owed to God, the joy proper to the Lord’s Day, the performance of the works of mercy, and the appropriate relaxation of mind and body. Family needs or important social service can legitimately excuse from the obligation of Sunday rest. The faithful should see to it that legitimate excuses do not lead to habits prejudicial to religion, family life, and health.” CCC 2185 Holy Days of Obligation are those days when attendance at mass is mandatory for Catholics. All Sundays are holy days of obligation. Additional holy days of obligation are as follows:
 Mary, Mother of God (always celebrated January 1, but if this occurs on a Saturday or aMonday there is no obligation to go to Mass)
 Epiphany (this has been permanently translated to the first Sunday after January 1)
 Ascension (this is celebrated on different days depending on which ecclesiastical province you live in; a few provinces celebrate it on the traditional date, which is the Thursday of the sixth week of Easter, but most provinces in the U.S. have transferred it to the seventh Sunday of Easter.)
 The Body and Blood of Christ (this has been permanently translated to the second Sunday after Pentecost)
 Assumption of Mary (always celebrated August 15, but if this occurs on a Saturday or a Monday there is no obligation to go to Mass)
 All Saints (always celebrated November 1, but if this occurs on a Saturday or a Monday there is no obligation to go to Mass)
 Immaculate Conception of Mary (always celebrated December 8)
 Christmas (always celebrated December 25)

 

2) What are the four primary Marian Doctrines?
Mary as Mother of God – Mary is the Mother of God because Jesus is both divine and human
The Immaculate Conception – Mary was born without sin
Mary’s Perpetual Virginity – Mary was always a virgin
Assumption of Mary Into Heaven – Mary was assumed into heaven body and soul

3) What are the seven Corporal Works of Mercy?
 To feed the hungry;
 To give drink to the thirsty;
 To clothe the naked;
 To shelter the homeless;
 To visit the sick;
 To care for the poor;
 To bury the dead

4) What are the seven Spiritual Works of Mercy?
 To instruct the ignorant;
 To counsel the doubtful;
 To admonish sinners;
 To bear wrongs patiently;
 To forgive injuries;
 To comfort the sorrowful;
 To pray for the living and the dead.

5) What are the seven heavenly virtues and which deadly sin does each counter?
Virtue counters Deadly sin
1) Humility Pride
2) Kindness Envy
3) Forgiveness Wrath (anger)
4) Diligence (zeal) Sloth (laziness)
5) Charity Greed
6) Temperance (self-restraint) Gluttony (over indulgence)
7) Chastity Lust

 

 

September

1) The month of September is devoted to the Seven Sorrows of Mary as passed on to us by St. Bridget. For those who pray the seven sorrows the Blessed Mother grants seven graces. What are the seven sorrows?
a. The prophecy of Simeon. (St. Luke 2:34, 35)
b. The flight into Egypt. (St. Matthew 2:13, 14)
c. The loss of the Child Jesus in the temple. (St. Luke 2: 43-45)
d. The meeting of Jesus and Mary on the Way of the Cross.
e. The Crucifixion.
f. The taking down of the Body of Jesus from the Cross.
g. The burial of Jesus.

 

2) The month of September is devoted to the Seven Sorrows of Mary as passed on to us by St. Bridget. For those who pray the seven sorrows the Blessed Mother grants seven graces. What are the seven graces?
a) I will grant peace to their families.
b) They will be enlightened about the divine mysteries.
c) I will console them in their pains and I will accompany them in their work.
d) I will give them as much as they ask for as long as it does not oppose the adorable will of my divine Son or the sanctification of their souls.
e) I will defend them in their spiritual battles with the infernal enemy and I will protect them at every instant of their lives.
f) I will visibly help them at the moment of their death, they will see the face of their Mother.
g) I have obtained from my divine Son, that those who propagate this devotion to my tears and sorrows, will be taken directly from this earthly life to eternal happiness since all their sins will be forgiven and my Son and I will be their eternal consolation and joy

3) What are the two gospels which speak to the beatitudes and which gospel has the complete list of them?
Both the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke present the beatitudes. Matthew’s gospel has the complete list.

 

4) What was the name of the Sermon that Jesus gave us the beatitudes in?
Sermon on the Mount (Matthew’s gospel) or Sermon on the Plain (Luke’s gospel)

 

5) What are the eight beatitudes or blessings?
a) Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
b) Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
c) Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
d) Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
e) Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.
f) Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
g) Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
h) Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Taken from CCC 1716

6) What ‘natural’ desire do the beatitudes respond to?
The desire for happiness. The Beatitudes respond to the natural desire for happiness. This desire is of divine origin: God has placed it in the human heart in order to draw man to the One who alone can fulfill it CCC 1718

 

October
1) What are the four primary prayers of the rosary which are repeated?
The Our Father, the Hail Mary, the Glory Be, and the Fatima Prayer
2) What are the four Mysteries of the Rosary?
The Joyful mysteries, the Sorrowful mysteries, the Glorious mysteries, and the Luminous mysteries
3) What are the Mysteries of the Rosary about?
They are meditations on episodes or events surrounding the birth, life and death of Jesus

4) How many episodes are meditated on in each Mystery?
There are five episodes meditated on in each mystery making up the five decades of the Rosary
5) What is the famous Supreme Court decision about abortion and what date did it occur on?
Roe v. Wade on January 22, 1973
6) When does life begin?
At conception

November
1) What is the devotion for November and who do we pray for?
The devotion for November is for the Holy Souls in Purgatory. As such, we pray for the dead
throughout the month, remembering in a special way those who have passed in the last year.
2) When is All Souls Day and what do we celebrate?
The Commemoration of All the Faithfully Departed (All Souls Day) is celebrated on November 2 nd . We
remember and pray for those who have passed away. It is tradition on All Souls Day to take time to
visit the gravesites of our loved ones.
3) When is All Saints Day and what do we celebrate?
All Saints Day is celebrated on November 1 st and is a Holy Day of Obligation. We remember all those
who are in heaven at the heavenly banquet. In particular it serves as a feast day for all those saints –
known and unknown – who do not have a specific day identified on the liturgical calendar. It is
traditional to expose relics of the saints for veneration on this day and even to carry them in the
opening procession for the liturgy.
4) When is Christ the King and what do we celebrate?
The Solemnity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, King of the Universe or Feast of Christ the King was
established by Pope Pius XI in 1925 as an antidote to secularism, a way of life which leaves God out of
man’s thinking and living and organizes his life as if God did not exist. The feast is intended to proclaim
in a striking and effective manner Christ’s royalty over individuals, families, society, governments, and
nations. It is on the 34th or last Sunday of the Liturgical calendar – typically the Sunday after
Thanksgiving. Less frequently it will be the Sunday before Thanksgiving.
5) When does Advent start and how many weeks is it?
Advent starts the new liturgical calendar each year. The Advent season is of variable length, and the
start date changes every year. It starts on the fourth Sunday before Christmas Day (also known as
Advent Sunday and First Sunday of Advent), which can fall between November 27 and December 3,
and always ends on Christmas Eve.
6) What is the significance and meaning of Advent?
Advent is a season during which we anticipate the birth of Jesus and the hope of eternal life which he
brings to us. The word Advent means ‘Coming’. This is a season of preparation, a season of hope, a
season of Joy and a season of anticipation. It leads us directly into the season of Christmas.