1) White: Represents joy, innocence, purity and glory Worn during seasons of Easter and Christmas; Feasts of Our Lord, other than his Passion; Feasts of Mary, the angels and saints who are not martyrs; Nuptial Masses and sometimes funeral masses.

Red: Represents the Passion, blood, and burning love of the Holy Spirit Worn on Palm Sunday, Good Friday, Pentecost, Feasts of Our Lord’s Passion, Feasts of the Apostles, and feast days of martyrs.

Green: Represents hope for eternal life.   Worn during Ordinary time which is the time between Epiphany and Lent, and then between Pentecost and Advent. It is the dominant time on our liturgical calendar.
Violet: Represents sorrow, penance, and humility. Worn during Advent and Lent. Also worn when the priest hears confessions.

Rose: Represents joy.  Worn only two days during the year. On Gaudete Sunday, which is the Third Sunday of Advent, and on Laetare Sunday, which is the Fourth Sunday of Lent.